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Largest Spy Satellite Launches Into Space: Reason Unknown?

Posted on 27 November 2010 by pinoytutorial

Just recently the United States of America launched its biggest satellite ever into orbit. The exact purpose for doing such launch is a top-secret, but there were some speculations that it has to do something with gathering some important information for the U.S. National Reconnaissance Office.

The satellite was known as the NROL-32 and it was sent into orbit through a Delta 4 Heavy rocket. Delta 4 is apparently the largest unmanned rocket that has the most powerful liquid-fueled booster. This rocket has a height of around 235 feet and made up of three boosters which are arranged in a line to give it some sort of three-column appearance. The Delta 4 was built and launched by the United States Alliance, which is partnership between Lockheed Martin and Boeing.

The NROL-32 was sent into space around 5:58 pm of November 21, 2010 from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Base in Florida after a series of delays due to some technical reasons. NRO Director Bruce Carlson has confirmed a month ago that NRO is planning some satellite launch and apparently said that it would be the most aggressive of all in the past 20 years. Carlson further states that these satellite missions are very important for NRO and very much needed in order to replace those satellites that are very useful in their intelligence missions in the past that are expiring soon.

Well, it seems that the United States of America is making some important moves that are associated with the improvement of the countries national defense. If you can remember they have also launched the TerreStar-1 rocket back in July 2009, which is the largest commercial satellite ever launched in space. The launch of the NROL-32 satellite is apparently the fourth launch of the Delta 4 rocket and also the second satellite launch made by NRO within the three months, the first being the NROL-41 reconnaissance satellite which was launched last September 20 via an Atlas 5 rocket.

Whatever the exact mission of NRO in launching the NROL 32 is, the fact still remains that this step made by the NRO will definitely be an important part of the history.

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Smallest Violin In The World: The Nano Violin

Posted on 08 October 2010 by pinoytutorial

Science and technology had given us a lot to prove itself. One of these proofs is the invention of MEMS or microelectromechanical systems. It may sound Geeky and unfamiliar to normal people like you, but you might actually have such thing in your own mobile phone. Just taking from the word “micro” itself, it means small—really small. And now, a news of yet another MEMS should be of interest to you, Science fan—the Nano Violin, also called the Micronium.

The Micronium is the smallest violin in the world (right now, at least). With measurements of only some micrometers, nothing could beat it for being the smallest violin indeed. It has strings sized just one-tenth of a human hair’s width, and should be strummed using an equally micro sized comb.

Six microscopic springs are fitted on a microchip with one resonator each for every musical tone. Numerous chips are strung collectively to create a complete series of musical notes. A sequence of the chips can be united into a MIDI interface to play whole songs.

Scientists and students from the University of Twente in Netherlands demonstrated how the micro violin is used, and how its music could possibly heard by audiences. The collection of chips was connected to a computer and was put under a microscope. The microscope was used to magnify how the violin’s strings are being plucked. The image was then projected so the audiences would see.

Using the Micronium, an original composition was played, frankly entitled “Impromptu No. 1 for Micronium.” Then several more familiar songs were played, including none other than the famous Super Mario Brothers’ theme.

However, just like the fact that it has to be magnified under a microscope for audiences to be able to see the actual micro-violin, the sound it produces must be amplified just as well—10,000 times for that matter before people could here the music it produces through the standard speakers that we use.

It is still a wonder if this should be out in the market any soon—it is more of a wonder if any orchestra musician would actually want one for himself. But what matters is that this Nano violin is for real, and there seems to be nothing impossible nowadays.

[vimeo width=”500″ height=”300″]http://vimeo.com/15359134[/vimeo]

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iPad Dog Sings in Auto-tune: Meet Mishka the iPad Dog Singer!

Posted on 03 October 2010 by pinoytutorial

So you think you have seen all there is about humans using dogs for their own iPad commercial? Well this one looks something really new. Hopefully, you don’t care about that word ‘fanboyism’ or all of that never-ending hate story about Apple, because this auto-tune video will certainly entertain you if you will just let it. Honestly? I think the whole level of auto-tuning here is better than that ke$ha we spotted before being sold at the Walmart.  Okay so without further ado, let’s hit it!

So Mishka is a talking husky who just loves barking whenever her master, under the username gardea23, asks her to do it. Now a common troller would think that this one is already gay and something what you call the ‘ultimate sucking on the iPad device’ but with 800, 000 views and counting, certainly this one is becoming a hit on the tube.

If this video is your kind of thing then you might as well want to check out the proclaimed king of auto-tuning in Youtube (Schmoyoho) The only person who manages to put an orginally mix auto-tune song on the top 100 billboard chart — so far.

So make sure you hide your kids, hide your wife, and hide your husband, cause these fanboys are rapin’ everybody up in here.” – including your iPad!

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Russian Space Hotel on 2016?

Posted on 02 October 2010 by pinoytutorial

We’ve sure heard a lot about space tours for private individuals (make that private, rich individuals, since those tours should have space-high prices). And now, here comes another thrilling news—a plan of none other than a space hotel!

Representatives from Russian company Orbital Technologies told RIA Novosti news agency that they are planning to launch a space hotel by 2016. It would follow the same orbit as the International Space Station, but it would not follow how the ISS looks and feel inside—as the technological company’s CEO Sergei Kostenko puts it, a hotel is supposed to be comfortable, so interested parties may quit imagining of a cramped room with those button boards seen in movies.

The hotel’s main target market are wealthy individuals who want to experience lodging in space (we told you it’s for the rich) and representatives from private companies who wish to do some space research. The guests shall be able to have a look at the Earth while peeping through large potholes. Add to that the plan of hiring celebrity chefs to cook the guests’ foods before they leave for space.

Energia, Russian spacecraft manufacturer,  is responsible for building the Soyuz space capsules and Progress cargo ships that transports crew and supplies to the ISS. Moreover, it will also be responsible for the construction of the space hotel – though there is still no report on how they would actually do it. But as initially planned, the first space hotel module will be having four cabins that could house up to seven passengers. Russian and American investors are willing to put in some of their wealth for the project, but that is still tentative.

The hotel is not just intended for commercial purposes though. As Alexey Krasnov, head of manned space missions at Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) quipped, the planned cosmic hotel could be an emergency shelter for the ISS crew should anything wrong happens that would oblige them to evacuate.

There is still no released proposed price for the stay in the cosmic hotel, so let us just keep the excitement hanging. Anyway, we still have six more years before it comes to reality, so the lodging price should not yet be so much of a priority, isn’t it?

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Mark Zuckerberg Evil Villain (Comic Character)

Posted on 01 October 2010 by pinoytutorial

Mark Zuckerberg (who hasn’t heard of the name?), creator and CEO of famous social networking site Facebook, is undeniably one popular guy. To prove this point, he would even be the star of a biographical comic book set to come out this December.

The comic book, frankly entitled “Mark Zuckerberg: Creator of Facebook,” is a giant-sized, 48-pager that aims to tell the young billionaire’s journey to the top, as what a biography should do, that is. It will answer the question that might be ringing in some people’s minds—“who is Zuckerberg?”.

The comic book is written by Jerome Maida with illustrations by Sal Field, while the cover art is by Michal Szyksznian. The creators wanted to lay down the real score about Zuckerberg—both the good and the bad. Surely, his is a story that could be of a big interest among many, and just like some people—or just like other businessmen—he might have stepped on some people in the process in one way or another in order to reach the top.

He is the protagonist in this comic book, yes. But he is also portrayed as an evil villain in the parts of his life where he actually acted as one.

According to the creators who most probably did an in depth research on Zuckerberg’s life, the guy had dealt with some people in a harsh way on his way to the top. There were people they have known in the process of researching about Zuckerberg who felt that they were betrayed by the social network genius. Aside from presenting Zuckerberg as the philanthropist who just recently donated $100 million to public schools in Newark, the creators must also present him as the bad guy in those times in his life that he was bad, for the sake of fairness.

The comic book will be published and distributed by Bluewater Productions, a company of Canadian origin that is known for its production of comic books, multimedia and graphic novels. Bluewater aims to feature remarkable stories, which are not just celebrity stories.

“Mark Zuckerberg: Creator of Facebook” will be available in flesh by December, but interested readers could already order it ahead online at tfaw.com, in book and comic stores. Price is $6.99.

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Spider Kevlar: Darwin’s Bark Spider Web for Kevlar Vest?

Posted on 25 September 2010 by pinoytutorial

We’ve heard and known about Kevlar being famous for its use in the manufacture of bulletproof and stab proof vests—but what about a silk out of none other than a certain spider specie’s web that is said to be even tougher than the former? You might be thinking if that is even possible. Well, it is!

Darwin’s Bark Spider, discovered by biologist Matjaz Kutner back in 2008, is the specie responsible for weaving the web of silk that could test Kevlar’s reputation and actually break its record. Darwin’s Bark Spider is one of the several arachnid species that are considered as orb-weavers. Orb-weaver spiders have three claws, and builds flat webs with sticky spirals of silk.

The spider is discovered and found in the jungles of Madagascar, and weaves the biggest web of all spiders, at an area of up to 2.8 square meters, with silk that is considered as the toughest biological substance discovered so far. With the record of being ten times tougher than Kevlar itself, how tougher can one substance go? Its fiber’s average recorded toughness is 350 MJ/m3, some up to 520 MJ/ m3, making the silk twice as strong as other spider silks.

It is also said that the web’s strands must first endure massive kinetic energy before it should break. The silk’s elasticity should be the answer to the “why is it so tough” questions, but its molecular structure is yet to be studied further.

The spider’s web also occupies a unique and incredible biological niche, as the Darwin Bark Spiders build their web with the orb suspended and hanging just above a body of water: a river or a lake. This kind of habitat is being used by no other spider specie (at least none of those known to human kind). The spider’s tough silk and the enormous web are believed to have coevolved together at the same time, as the spider eventually adapted to the habitat and environment it has been living in.

It is also still a thing of wonder how these small spiders maintain and produce such tough substance. It is a given that the web itself plays a major role in providing food for the spiders, but with just insects as food, it is interesting if those insects are so nutritious that it could make the spiders produce the tough silk. (It is said that it is possible for the spiders and the web to catch bigger animals such as birds and bats, but the experts who have been studying the spiders haven’t seem do it yet.)

(image via: dailymail.co.uk)

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Nasa Voyage To Sun: New Launch Date on 2018!

Posted on 08 September 2010 by pinoytutorial

The solar system is quite a mystery. However, the biggest mystery seems to be that of the brightest star in our solar system, the Sun. In 2018 NASA plans to give the world a better understanding of the Sun. NASA intends to send a spacecraft which will be approximately four million miles from the sun’s surface.

This historic event is aptly being called Solar Probe Plus. This mission is extremely exciting for the mere fact that no other man-made aircraft or space vessel has traveled this close to our sun.

The experiments that have been chosen for Solar Probe Plus are clearly and correctly produced to answer two probing questions. The first question being, why is the sun’s surface or photosphere exceptionally hotter than that of its visible surface. The second question that is being asked is, what drives the solar wind that alters the solar system and our own planet.

The Sun is the only region in solar system that has not yet been explored by any spacecraft. By attempting the planned experiment, Solar Probe Plus will incessantly experience the near-Sun elements. This will play a huge part in answering the questions which have been bugging scientists for years now.

In the past there have been countless experiments and findings that have given way to other scientific findings and gave clarity on coronal heating and solar wind acceleration.

In this day and age, scientists are more knowledgeable than they have ever been about the solar wind and the corona. Nevertheless, the two integral questions that were raised as early as the 1940’s through the uncovering of the corona’s temperature and later on in the 1960’s by the confirmation that the solar wind’s existence still remain unanswered.

There is only one way to answer these probing questions. In-situ measurements of the solar wind down in the corona is needed. This mission was initially first advised in 1958 by the National Academy of Science’s “Simpson Committee”. From that time on NASA has administered a considerable amount of studies regarding this matter.

Hopefully, after this milestone mission on year 2018 the questions that have been haunting scientist’s will finally be answered.

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Email Spam Report 2010: 92% of all email are spam?

Posted on 25 August 2010 by pinoytutorial

Spam emails are on its peak season nowadays, and as of July 2010, 92% of all emails spread and received throughout the web is reported to be categorized as spam, according to a study conducted by Symantec. This is quite a development for the spam kin, since its percentage is just 89% a year ago.

Spam mails are unsolicited email messages, also known as junk mails, which usually contains commercial contents. Similarly, phishing is also being widely done. This is the act of illegal acquisition if a user’s username, passwords and even credit card or online banking information through hiding behind a commonly trusted electronic communication.

Symantec also found a new kind of electronic attack that masquerades as a live chat feature in an e-commerce website. This feature seeks to acquire the user’s login ID and password in the legal website. This phishing site utilized fake chat conversations to make the page look real, giving the impression that the phishing site is actually working.

But on the lighter side, spam mails that conceal phishing activities have gone down by 5% from June to July this year.

Similarly, the percentage of various phishing attacks generally reduced. Particularly, the number of matchless phishing websites that are created by several automatic attack toolkits have declined by 60% from June to July this year also. But the percentage of distinctive URLs that are used in phishing activities is raised by 10%.

Moreover, other language phishing sites, meaning those non-English, particularly those in Italian and French, are continually growing. Its number increased by 15% from months June to July of this year, too.

Spammers continually change and vary their tactics, probably so as not to be too obvious of their scams and plots. Just last year, U.S President Barack Obamaa himself and the late King of Pop Michael Jackson have been top subjects to spam mails, while in June this year, the popular World Cup got the spot. Come July 2010, the most visible subject of spams says something about claiming the user’s part of the $20 Billion BP oil fund.

The moral of this is simple—all of us should be careful on what we are clicking, checking, reading and downloading from the net. The World Wide Web is indeed a world wide avenue for every activity that you could think of, and malicious activities are not an exemption to this. We must be doubly cautious at all times.

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Juno Armored Tank For Jupiter: Is the Toughest One On The Planet!

Posted on 14 August 2010 by pinoytutorial

NASA is attempting another exploration to Jupiter by launching an armored tank to its orbit. Since 1973 when Pioneer 10 has arrived to Jupiter, NASA is conducting several space expeditions to observe Jupiter’s environment. The Galileo spacecraft is the only one to have actually entered an orbit around Jupiter. Sending a vessel to Jupiter involves many technical difficulties. One major problem is that there’s no solid surface on which to land, and another problem is the planet’s huge amount of radiation.

The armored-tank spacecraft named Juno will be sent to Jupiter’s polar orbit to study its system and unveil the planet’s mysteries. Specifically NASA is trying to determine how much water is in Jupiter’s atmosphere. They also want to measure Jupiter’s atmosphere composition, temperature, cloud motions and other properties. They want to map Jupiter’s magnetic and gravity fields and to explore and study Jupiter’s magnetosphere, providing new insights on how the planet’s huge magnetic force field is affecting its atmosphere.

It is said that the environment Juno will be facing has more radiation than any other place NASA has ever sent a spacecraft except for the Sun. There’s an invisible force field filled with high-energy particles surrounding Jupiter and its moons. This magnetic force field is caused by Jupiter’s magnetosphere, the largest and most powerful of any planetary magnetosphere in the solar system. The action of the magnetosphere traps and accelerates particles, producing intense belts of radiation. The radiation belts of Jupiter are shaped like a huge doughnut around the planet’s equatorial region extend out past its moon Europa, and about 650,000 kilometers out from the top of Jupiter’s clouds.

How will Juno survive all that radiation? Here’s their plan, they designed and built a special radiation vault made of titanium to protect Juno’s brain and heart, the command and data handling box (its brain) and power and data distribution unit (its heart), and about 20 other electronic assemblies. The whole vault weighs about 200 kilograms. The vault is not designed to block all particles hitting the system, but it can dramatically slow down the aging effect, radiation has on its electronics for the duration of the mission. Juno isn’t relying exclusively on the radiation vault. Scientists designed a path to Jupiter that minimizes the exposure of Juno from harsh radiation belts.

Once the whole spacecraft is put together it will undergo further testing. The assembly and testing process, which includes installing of solar panels, is expected to last until May next year. The spacecraft is due to launch in August 2011 and has a 5-year cruise, arriving at July 2016.

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Dongfeng 21D Chinese Missile Is Ready For The Apocalypse!

Posted on 08 August 2010 by pinoytutorial

Over the years America has been dominating the air as well as the seas with its vast number of fighter jets and unbeatable carrier fleet. No other nation has been successful to beat its super carriers and fighter jets over the past decades. But with China’s development of the Dongfeng 21D Chinese Missiles, things are expected to change now.

The DongFeng 21D is a missile that could be launched from land and has the ability of accurately hitting and destroying moving super carriers up to more than 900 miles away. Basically, it is anti-ship ballistic missile and said to be the first of its kind in the world. The DongFeng 21D is the latest from China’s DongFeng 21 which apparently is a two–stage propellant as well as single-warhead medium range ballistic missile system developed by China Changfeng Mechanics and Electronics Technology Academy.

The DF 21 is originally created for strategic missions, but later versions turns out to be designed for both nuclear as well as conventional missions. And apparently, the DongFeng 21D is the latest variant from the DF 21 system and according to some reports China is still in the process of perfecting the 21D and final testing of the missile is scheduled by the end of this year.

The development of DongFeng 21D could transform China’s position in the Pacific balance of power and could significantly weaken Washington’s ability to interfere in any conflict between Taiwan and North Korea. With the DongFeng 21 D, US ships will also find some difficulty to get to international waters near China. Beijing has been widely vocal with its demand for the US to stay away from China’s territorial waters.

But some experts find it a little doubtful for China’s ability to perfect the Dongfeng 21D specifically pertaining to having that kind of accuracy in hitting a moving super carrier. And despite China’s effort, it would take some time for China to be able to catch up against US carriers.

A version of the Dongfeng 21D missile has been shown in the Chinese military parade held last year. If the Dongfeng 21 D could really do what it promises to do, even if it will not really match up the amazing fleet US has, US will still find it difficult to penetrate the international waters near its territory.

How long will it take for China to perfect the Dongfeng 21D? Will the Dongfeng 21D give China the ultimate power in the Pacific region? These questions are yet to be answered.

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